Predictors of joint damage progression and stringent remission in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis in clinical remission.

Baseline MRI osteitis and tenosynovitis were independent predictors of 2 year MRI damage progression in RA patients in clinical remission, while independent predictors of radiographic damage progression were age and gender. Following an MRI treat-to-target strategy, low scores of patient-reported outcomes and low tender joint count predicted achievement of stringent remission.

A Novel Amino Acid Composition Ameliorates Short-Term Muscle Disuse Atrophy in Healthy Young Men

Skeletal muscle disuse leads to atrophy, declines in muscle function, and metabolic dysfunction that are often slow to recover. Strategies to mitigate these effects would be clinically relevant. In a double-blind randomized-controlled pilot trial, we examined the safety and tolerability as well as the atrophy mitigating effect of a novel amino acid composition (AXA2678), during single limb immobilization. Twenty healthy young men were randomly assigned (10 per group) to receive AXA2678 or an excipient- and energy-matched non-amino acid containing placebo (PL) for 28d: days 1–7, pre-immobilization; days 8–15, immobilization; and days 16–28 post-immobilization recovery. Muscle biopsies were taken on d1, d8 (immobilization start), d15 (immobilization end), and d28 (post-immobilization recovery). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was utilized to assess quadriceps muscle volume (Mvol), muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), and muscle fat-fraction (FF: the fraction of muscle occupied by fat). Maximal voluntary leg isometric torque was assessed by dynamometry. Administration of AXA2678 attenuated muscle disuse atrophy compared to PL (p < 0.05) with changes from d8 to d15 in PL: ΔMvol = −2.4 ± 2.3% and ΔCSA = −3.1% ± 2.1%, both p < 0.001 vs. zero; against AXA2678: ΔMvol: −0.7 ± 1.8% and ΔCSA: −0.7 ± 2.1%, both p > 0.3 vs. zero; and p < 0.05 between treatment conditions for CSA. During immobilization, muscle FF increased in PL but not in AXA2678 (PL: 12.8 ± 6.1%, AXA2678: 0.4 ± 3.1%; p < 0.05). Immobilization resulted in similar reductions in peak leg isometric torque and change in time-to-peak (TTP) torque in both groups. Recovery (d15–d28) of peak torque and TTP torque was also not different between groups, but showed a trend for better recovery in the AXA2678 group. Thrice daily consumption of AXA2678 for 28d was found to be safe and well-tolerated. Additionally, AXA2678 attenuated atrophy, and attenuated accumulation of fat during short-term disuse. Further investigations on the administration of AXA2678 in conditions of muscle disuse are warranted.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Tenosynovitis and Osteitis are Independent Predictors of Radiographic and MRI Damage Progression in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients In Clincial Remission

Copyright © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 2019 June;78(2)_suppl. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2019-eular.2006

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Progression of structural joint damage occurs in 20-30 % of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical remission1. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-detected synovitis and in particular osteitis/bone marrow edema (BME) are known predictors of structural progression in both active RA and in remission, but the predictive value of adding MRI tenosynovitis assessment as potential predictor in patients in clinical remission has not been investigated.

OBJECTIVES:
To investigate the predictive value of baseline MRI inflammatory and damage parameters on 2 year MRI and X-ray damage progression in an RA cohort in clinical remission, following MRI and conventional treat-to-target (T2T) strategies.

METHODS:
200 RA patients in clinical remission (DAS28-CRP<3.2 and no swollen joints) on conventional DMARDs, included in the randomized IMAGINE-RA trial2 (conventional DAS28 + MRI-guided T2T strategy targeting absence of BME vs conventional DAS28 guided T2T strategy) had baseline and 2 years contrast-enhanced MRIs of the dominant wrist and 2nd-5th MCP joints and X-rays of hands and feet performed, which were evaluated with known chronology by two experienced readers according to the OMERACT RAMRIS scoring system and Sharp/van der Heijde method, respectively.

The following potentially predictive baseline variables: MRI BME, synovitis, tenosynovitis, MRI and X-ray erosion and joint space narrowing (JSN) score, CRP, DAS28, smoking status, gender, age and patient group were tested in univariate logistic regression analyses with 2-year progression in MRI combined damage score, Total Sharp Score (TSS), and MRI and X-ray JSN and erosion scores as dependent variables. Variables with p<0.1, age, gender and patient group were included in multivariable logistic regression analyses with backward selection.

RESULTS:
Based on univariate analyses MRI BME, synovitis, tenosynovitis, x-ray erosion and JSN, gender and age were included in subsequent multivariable analyses. Independent MRI predictors of structural progression were BME (MRI progression) and tenosynovitis (MRI and X-ray progression), MRI combined damage score: sum score of MRI erosion and JSN scores.

CONCLUSION:
This trial is the first to report that MRI tenosynovitis independently predicts both X-ray and MRI damage progression in RA patients in clinical remission. Further studies are needed to confirm MRI-determined tenosynovitis as predictor of progressive joint destruction in RA clinical remission.

Impact of a Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Treat-to-Target Strategy on Disease Activity and Progression in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (The IMAGINE-RA Trial): Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Copyright © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2015.
Trials. 2015 Apr;7(178)_suppl doi: 10.1186/s13063-015-0693-2
Trial registration: http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01656278 (5 July 2012)

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, progressive joint disease, which frequently leads to irreversible joint deformity and severe functional impairment. Although patients are treated according to existing guidelines and reach clinical remission, erosive progression still occurs. This demonstrates that additional methods for prognostication and monitoring of the disease activity are needed. Bone marrow edema (BME) detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has proved to be an independent predictor of subsequent radiographic progression. Guiding the treatment based on the presence/absence of BME may therefore be clinically beneficial. We present the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aiming to evaluate whether an MRI-guided treatment strategy compared to a conventional treatment strategy in anti-CCP-positive erosive RA is better to prevent progression of erosive joint damage and increase the remission rate in patients with low disease activity or clinical remission.

METHODS/DESIGN:
The study is a non-blinded, multicenter, 2-year RCT with a parallel group design. Two hundred anti-CCP-positive, erosive RA patients characterized by low disease activity or remission, no clinically swollen joints and treatment with synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) will be included. Patients will be randomized to either a treatment strategy based on conventional laboratory and clinical examinations (control group) or a treatment strategy based on conventional laboratory and clinical examinations as well as MRI (intervention group). Treatment is intensified according to a predefined treatment algorithm in case of inflammation defined as a disease activity score (DAS28) >3.2 and at least one clinically swollen joint (control and intervention groups) and/or MRI-detected BME (intervention group only). The primary outcome measures are DAS28 remission (DAS28 < 2.6) and radiographic progression (Sharp/vdHeijde score).

DISCUSSION:
The perspectives, strengths and weaknesses of this study are discussed.

Imaging in Rheumatoid Arthritis: The Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Computed Tomography.

Abstract

In suspected and diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis (RA), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows detection of all relevant pathologies, such as synovitis, tenosynovitis, bone marrow edema (osteitis), bone erosion and cartilage damage. MRI is more sensitive than clinical examination for monitoring disease activity (i.e., inflammation) and more sensitive than conventional radiography and ultrasonography for monitoring joint destruction. In suspected RA, MRI bone marrow edema predicts development of RA, and in early RA patients, it predicts subsequent structural damage progression. CT is the standard reference imaging modality for visualizing bone damage, including bone erosions in RA, but lacks sensitivity for soft-tissue changes, including synovitis and tenosynovitis. CT has a minimal role in RA clinical trials and practice, except in selected patients where MRI is contraindicated or not available or if crystal arthritis such as gout or pseudo-gout is suspected. MRI has documented utility in diagnosis, monitoring and prognostication of patients with RA and is increasingly used for these purposes in clinical practice and particularly clinical trials.

Validity and Reliability of 3D US for the Detection of Erosions in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis using MRI as the Gold Standard

Validity and Reliability of 3D US for the Detection of Erosions in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis using MRI as the Gold Standard

Maecenas tempor, ex at maximus efficitur, felis sem ultrices ligula, ut hendrerit purus eros ac urna. Vestibulum ut vestibulum tortor. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Cras eu lectus quam. Nunc ligula arcu, auctor sit amet tellus eleifend, facilisis laoreet odio. Donec placerat urna eleifend blandit porttitor.

Nunc magna turpis, tristique at dictum vel, sollicitudin blandit felis. Morbi aliquam elit et pellentesque vulputate. Donec elementum, ante quis ornare porttitor, tortor dolor vestibulum velit, et viverra enim massa vitae ex.

Validity and Reliability of 3D Us for Detection of Erosions in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis using MRI as Gold Standard

Validity and Reliability of 3D Us for Detection of Erosions in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis using MRI as Gold Standard

Maecenas tempor, ex at maximus efficitur, felis sem ultrices ligula, ut hendrerit purus eros ac urna. Vestibulum ut vestibulum tortor. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Cras eu lectus quam. Nunc ligula arcu, auctor sit amet tellus eleifend, facilisis laoreet odio. Donec placerat urna eleifend blandit porttitor.

Nunc magna turpis, tristique at dictum vel, sollicitudin blandit felis. Morbi aliquam elit et pellentesque vulputate. Donec elementum, ante quis ornare porttitor, tortor dolor vestibulum velit, et viverra enim massa vitae ex.