Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Gallbladder and Biliary System

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Gallbladder and biliary system pathologic component is a spectrum of benign and malignant conditions. Standard magnetic resonance imaging techniques when used together with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) can evaluate gallbladder and biliary system pathologic conditions. Inflammatory diseases are characterized by thickening and intense mucosal contrast enhancement of the affected bile ducts and or gallbladder wall. Postinflammatory changes can be appreciated on MRCP with short or long segment strictures of the bile ducts. Serial contrast-enhanced images show reactive inflammatory changes in the liver parenchyma. Neoplastic diseases of the gallbladder and the biliary tree are evaluated on T2-weighted fat-suppressed echo train and serial contrast-enhanced images and their obstructive effect can be displayed on MRCP images. In this paper, we will review the spectrum of MRI findings of gallbladder and biliary system pathologic conditions.

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