Early Response Assessment Through Multiparametric MRI Based Endpoints In A Phase II Multicenter Study Evaluating the Efficacy of DPX-Survivac, Intermittent Low Dose Cyclophosphamide (CPA) and Pembrolizumab Combination Study in Subjects with Solid Tumors.

Copyright © 2019 by American Society of Clinical Oncology
Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2019 May;37(15)_suppl doi: 10.1200/JCO.2019.37.15_suppl.e14245


Accurate assessment of tumor response to immunotherapy is challenged by pseudoprogression that mimics true progression. Conventional imaging and RECIST assessment do not adequately distinguish between them given their inability to account for changes in the tumor microenvironment. DPX-Survivac is a novel T cell activating therapy that triggers immune responses against tumors expressing survivin and is being studied in this trial in combination with CPA and pembrolizumab in several solid tumors. Multiparametric MRI approaches – dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging MRI are useful for accurate assessment of structural, perfusion and vascular assessment of the lesion and may identify pseudoprogression and compare to the RECIST-based assessment.
The study will enroll up to 226 evaluable subjects in 5 different cohorts: ovarian cancer, HCC, NSCLC, bladder cancer and MSI-H cancer. These subjects will undergo initial imaging 28 days prior to treatment, to be assessed based on RECIST 1.1, and a pre-treatment tumor biopsy for quantitation of survivin and PD-L1 expression and MSI analyses. Treatment for 35 cycles or until disease progression. All patients will have CT images for RECIST 1.1 and iRECIST assessment. A subset of subjects will undergo mpMRI to calculate advanced imaging biomarkers.
MRI, clinical and patient-reported outcomes will be analyzed.
This study will provide important evidence on the utility of mpMRI + CT-based assessment of response to immunotherapy and use it as an adjunct to the CT-based RECIST criteria by providing insight on how tumor lesions are impacted by treatment.

MRI Findings of Rapidly Progressive Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Copyright © Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 2010 Jul;28(6) doi: 10.1016/j.mri.2010.03.005. Epub 2010 Apr 27.


The purpose of this study is to determine the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and patient characteristics in subjects with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that exhibit rapid progression.
In this unblinded retrospective study, initial and follow up MR images were reviewed, before and after rapid progression of HCC, respectively. Rapid progression was defined as a lesion <3 cm which exhibited >3 cm increase in one year or 2 cm increase in 6 months. Patient characteristics and MRI findings were determined using clinical information from the institution clinical information system and records from the Radiology and Pathology Departments, Hepatology Division and Liver Transplant Service of the Department of Medicine.
Seven individuals were identified with HCC that showed rapid progression. Five of the patients had underlying hepatitis C, one had alcoholic hepatitis, and one had immunosuppression due to liver transplantation. On initial MRI, six patients had early intense ring enhancing lesions, which rapidly progressed in size. Five patients died within 6 months, one within 1 year after progression despite treatment. Six of the seven patients also had multiple other liver nodules on initial MRI; those that showed ring enhancement rapidly progressed but those without, did not show rapid progression.
Patients with rapidly progressive HCC had underlying hepatitis C and intense ring enhancement on initial MRI. This group of patients should be evaluated further to determine if they might benefit from early intervention.